Serengeti Wildebeest Migration
The Serengeti National Park is the location of one of the most spectacular events in nature – the great migration. The migration describes the mass movement of wildebeest, zebra and Thompson’s gazelle who move throughout the year to different areas of the ecosystem. They are driven by the need to find fresh grazing and water. From December to April the vast herds fill the southern grass plains and it is here that the females give birth in epic numbers. These synchronized births attract a large number of predators, lion, cheetah, hyena who feast on the new arrivals but have little impact on the overall herbivore numbers. Following the smell of distant rain the vast herds congregate and move north and west.
By July the migration crosses into Kenya’s Masai Mara reserve. Around October they return to Serengeti slowly heading south again. It is a round trip of some 1000 kilometres and the herds face many dangers along the way. They have to avoid predation by the large cats and hyena and then face the daunting river crossings where large Nile crocodiles lie in wait. Thousands lose their lives along the way but this natural spectacle has continued for hundreds of year. To witness the migration is an awe inspiring experience found nowhere else on earth.